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The atlas of the instruments of measurement and control

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GEOGRAPHY, is the science of "where and why”, the science of locations, spatial structures and spatial processes, the distributions of phenomena in a territorial space. As a science of society and nature, is present in the daily life of every citizen, either by the curiosity to know the world, the necessity to know the weather, or by the challenges posed by the environment for the demands of territorial planning.

Geography observes phenomena from the environment, describe and analyze them, perform measurements and calculations. The identification of problems, or the linking between processes and phenomena, infer some effects and consequences allowing to know the relation between the several elements that constitute the terrestrial landscape.

Through its interdisciplinary approach, creates abilities and skills which give the possibility of using learned notions from other subjects of study such as: Geology, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Economics, History and Sociology.

Understanding the landscapes involves understanding the various terrestrial domains: atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and lithosphere, especially the atmosphere whose elements shape the earth surface.

Meteorology is part of a set of atmospheric sciences. Part of this group is Atmospheric Physics, which aims at the applications of physics in the atmosphere and Atmospheric Chemistry, which studies the effects of the chemical reactions that take place in the atmosphere. Meteorology itself can become an interdisciplinary science when it merges, for example, with Hydrology, becoming Hydrometeorology, which studies the behavior of rainfall in a particular region, or can merge with Oceanography, becoming Maritime Meteorology, which aims to study the relationship of the oceans to the atmosphere.

Understanding how weather conditions work, the weather, and predicting how it will be, depends on correct measurements of weather variables (temperature, humidity, precipitation, wind, atmospheric pressure, etc.).

The instruments of measurement have always been a necessity of science. Accurate measurements can result in adequate results for human activities. His interest is so great that his study is the subject of a branch of science known as Metrology, the science of weights and measures or of measurement. A measuring instrument is a device for measuring a physical quantity of real-world objects and events.

The Portugal Erasmus+ team